For any building the land (Kshetra) is the basic requirement and utmost care must be taken in it’s selection.Normally an Architect or Vaastu Shilpi is brought into the scene only at the designing stage but it is advisable to involve him at the stage of buying the land itself. In selection of the land the following aspects should be taken care of :
(1) Types of Earth : Earth is classified according to it’s colour brick red, dark brown; white, red, yellow,mixed colour, black and also according to their smell,taste. Texture, etc., Black and clayey soil is not good for construction and while designing the foundation/ footings, the load bearing capacity of the soil should be ascertained. Sites with big boulders, anthills or where murder or burial has taken place and those with loose or filled -up earth should be avoided.
(2) Location and Environment : As far as possible the site should be level or sloping towards North and East or North-East. If it is a small one, which normally is the case in the towns or cities, there should not be any big trees like Aswatha (peepul) , Mango,Banana , Tamarind etc., whose roots and branches may cause damage to the building. If the site is big then the building area should be sufficiently away from them.Site which has fertile earth, flowering plants, fruit trees,grass etc., is good and sites without the source of abutting temples, ashramas, schools, colleges,
mantapas are not advisable for obvious reasons and sites behind Vishnu temple or to the left of Durga temple are also not good and it should be atleast 50 meters away from a Shiva temple. (Any site to the South or West of hills shall be rejected, but site towards the East or North of hills should be accepted.)
(3) Vaastu of Plots : Levels, angles, it’s size, shape etc., should be according to principles of Vaastu. In towns and cities due to various reasons the choice is limited, but as far as possible one must endeavour to acquire land adhering to Shaastras. Prevention is better than cure, is an age old saying, and instead of suffering ill effects of wrong decisions and repenting later. It is better to be alert in initial stages itself.
(4) Shape of the Plot : Shape of the plot plays a very vital role in the land selection. Principles of Vaastu
of plots is same for houses, industries, commercial establishments, and apartments, except that the size
of plot varies.
i) The plot should be a square or rectangle (ratio of width to length should not be more than 1
In a rectangular Plot the Energy Lines stretch themselves to
meet South West Hence the field strength decreases
Normally the plots are made in sizes like 30’ x 45’,40 x60’ ,60’ x 90’, 90’ x120’ etc. Although these plots are inferior to square plots we seem to have no other alternative but to make the best use of the field available. It is hoped that the town planners and housing cooperatives will take note of this and atleast in future plots are made square.
Why this obsession for a square? We all know that the energy field is best present in a pyramid whose base is
square. It is this recognition that we see in the Gopurams built over the temples. They were believed to have the
best geometry to tap and transmit cosmic energy.Hence the base of the Pyramid which is a square is
considered best for getting maximum benefits. In rectangular shapes like 30’ x120’ the field is very weak and it is inadvisable to construct a single unit house in such a plot.
ii) Plot having triangle and round shapes; those with five corners; those having hexagon, octagon or polygon shapes; and those with irregular and odd shapes are not good.
iii) plot in the form of ‘Gomukhi’ where the frontage is less than the width at the rear is good due to sentimental reasons provided the road is in the Southern and Western side only and not in Eastern and Northern sides.
iv) Site in the form of ‘Vyaagramukhi’ where the frontage is more than the width at the rear is not good but not in the case of roads in the Eastern and Northern sides.
v) Angle of the different corners of plot is equally important in determining the merits and demerits of the plot.
In an abnormally stretched plot the energy lines are stretched too much resulting in poor Vaastu field
(5) Angles of the Plot : If all the four angles are 900it is good. South – West angle should be close to 900 or
less, but never more and this is very important. North-West angle should also be close to 900 or more but never less. North -East angle should be close to 900 or less but never more. In other words the distance from North -east corner to South -West corner should always be more than the distance from North-West corner to South – East corner.
Position of Site in Relation to Road : Direction to which the plot is facing, i.e. the position of road (as
per principles of Vaastu) determines the value of site,and those sites are termed accordingly:
(a) East Block : Those sites having road in Eastern side only.
(b) South -East Block : Those sites having roadsin Eastern and Southern sides.
(c) South Block : Those sites with road towards South.
(d) South – West Block : Those sites with road towards South and West.
(e) West Blocks : Those sites with road towards the West.
(f) North – West Block : Those sites with road towards the North and West.
(g) North Block : Those sites with road towards the North.
(h) North – East Block : Those sites with roads
towards the North and East.