Most of the time the Govardhan Puja day falls the next day after Diwali Puja and is celebrated as the day on which Lord Krishna defeated God Indra. Sometimes there may be a one-day gap between Diwali and Govardhan Puja.
In religious texts, Govardhan Puja celebrations during the Pratipada Tithi month of Kartik are suggested. Depending on the start time of Pratipada, Govardhan Puja day could fall a day before Amavasya day in the Hindu calendar.
Gowardhan Puja is also known as Annakut Puja. On this day, food made from cereals such as wheat, rice, curry made from gram flour and leafy vegetables is cooked and offered to Lord Krishna.
In Maharashtra, the same day is celebrated as Bali Pratipada or Bali Padva. The day commemorates the victory of Vamana, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, over King Bali and the subsequent push from Bali to Patal Lok (the underworld). It is believed that due to the blessing given by Lord Vamana, Asura King Bali visits Patala Lok̵
Most of the time, Govardhan Puja Day coincides with Gujarati New Year’s Day, which is celebrated in the Kukik month of Shukla Paksha Pratipada. Depending on the start time of Pratipada Tithi, Govardhan Puja celebrations could take place one day before Gujarati New Year’s Day.